Saturday, 13 March 2004

1919: first International labour Conference adopts Convention (n. 5) on minimum age (industry).
1930: adoption of 1st Convention (n. 29) on forced labour.
1973: adoption of Convention (n. 138) minimum age
1992: ILO starts International programme for the Elimination of Child Labour IPEC. Activities include: valuation of statistics, juridical reform, social sensitisation and mobilisation, prevention, withdrawal of children from dangerous activity and reinsertion, promotion of alternative solutions for families of children forced to work.
1996: Stockholm Declaration and Action Plan establishes the principle that a crime against a child, wherever it is committed, is considered a crime everywhere. Principle codified by ILO three years later in an international conventions defining modalities of application and sanctions for non application.
1998: adoption of Declaration on fundamental principles and labour rights: trade union freedom, abolition of forced labour, end of discrimination in labour, elimination of child labour. All ILO member countries pledge to promote and support these.
1999: adoption of Convention (n. 182) on worst forms of child labour calling world attention to the need to adopt immediate measures to abolish all forms of child labour which can endanger or harm the physical, mental, or moral health of the child. The Convention was ratified by three quarters of ILO member countries.
2002: the 90th International Labour Conference (3 - 20 June 2002) discusses the theme of child labour in relation to the Declaration on the principle and fundamental labour rights. The discussion leads to the elaboration of the Global Report on the Elimination of Child Labour.
12 giugno 2002 ILO establishes “World Day Against Child Labour”. More than 80 countries receive assistance from ILO for programmes to prevent child labour
12 giugno 2003 second “ World Day Against Child Labour ” on the theme of trafficking of minors.
(S.L.) (Agenzia Fides 13/3/2004; Righe 27 - Parole 342)