London (Agenzia Fides) - Religion will continue to be a significant component of personal identity, it is expected that evangelical Christian communities in Latin America, Asia and Africa will grow, while Islam will remain dominant in the Middle East and North Africa, and by 2045 China could accommodate some of the larger Christian and Muslim communities in the world. These are some of the conclusions of the study of the UK Ministry of Defence "Global Strategic Trends - Out to 2045" (the global lines of strategic trend until 2045) published recently.
The study highlights that by 2045, 70% of the world population will live in urban areas, a trend that poses crucial challenges especially for African Countries. Already now, the report points out – a billion people live in the suburbs (slums) without the basic necessities- by the date indicated the population living in slums could reach 3 billion people.
If not addressed with appropriate policies the increasing urbanization could cause serious social unrest and the creation of areas in the hands of criminal and terroristic gangs.
The scientific and technological developments reported pose new challenges in the field of bioethics: "improvement" of the human body with high-tech machinery, behavioral psychological and physical changes; machines that can read minds; robots that can replace humans in tasks increasingly diversified with the risk of destroying jobs in a global population estimated to be between 8.3 and 10.4 billion inhabitants. (L.M.) (Agenzia Fides 12/07/2014)